IOP/Deckard

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IOP[edit]

I/O processor - MIPS R3000A (PS1 main processor) used in PS2 since SCPH-10000 to SCPH-700XX. It is connected to an external 2 MB EDO-RAM chip. Later got replaced by PowerPC 405 and DECKARD IOP emulator.

Revisions[edit]

  • 1.5 : CXD9553GB (GH-001, GH-003)
  • 1.15: CXD9619GB (GH-004 - GH-014, GH-016)
  • 2.0 : CXD9660GB (earlier GH-015)
  • 2.1 : CXD9697GP (later GH-015, erroneously listed as "CXD9697GB" in service manuals?)
  • 2.1 : CXD9732GP (GH-017 - GH-022)
  • 2.2 : CXD9783GP (GH-023)
  • 2.4 : CXD9798GP (GH-026, maybe J-chassis GH-027 / GH-029?)
  • 2.4 : CXD9799GP (PSX: XPD-001, XPD-005, maybe J-chassis GH-027 / GH-029?, some K-chassis slim boards)
  • 2.4 : CXD9799AGP (some K-chassis slim boards)

DECKARD[edit]

PowerPC 405 chip that replaced IOP and SPEED. It is connected to an external 4 MB DDR-SDRAM chip. In IOP emulator mode 2MB are used as a IOP memory. In PS2 used since SCPH-750XX model. New chip require some compatibility tweaks that are done per title by xparam file found in PS2 ROM.

Note: There is some evidence that the new IOP might still additionaly contain some kind of MIPS core.

Documentation More info

Revisions[edit]

  • 3.0 : CXD9796GP (SCPH-75XXX series/L-chassis)
  • 3.0 : CXD9209GP (SCPH-77XXX series/M-chassis)

Starting with N-chassis/SCPH-79XXX, the IOP was integrated into the new main SoC together with its RAM. It still reports as version 3.0 in software.

TLB Entries[edit]

Virtual Physical Size Endian (Big/little) RWX Write-Through Cache Inhibit Memory Coherence Guarded User-defined storage attribute Un n=[0-3] Notes
0xFFE00000 0xFFE00000 0x00100000 B RX 1 0 0 0 - DECKARD's BOOT ROM PPC440 BOOT ROM: 0xFFE00000 - 0xFFFFFFFF (2MB)
0xFFF00000 0xFFF00000 0x00100000 B RX 1 0 0 0 - DECKARD's BOOT ROM
0x00000000 0x00200000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 IOP RAM low 1MB mirror virtual R3000 IOP instructions use
0x00100000 0x00300000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0x00200000 0x00200000 0x00100000 IOP RAM low 1MB mirror
0x00300000 0x00300000 0x00100000 IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0x00400000 0x00200000 0x00100000 IOP RAM low 1MB mirror
0x00500000 0x00300000 0x00100000 IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0x00600000 0x00200000 0x00100000 IOP RAM low 1MB mirror
0x00700000 0x00300000 0x00100000 IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0xDFE00000 0x00200000 0x00100000 L R 1 0 0 0 2 IOP RAM low 1MB mirror NOT:EE SIF (SBUS) IOP mem. window ? most likely:DECKARD 'supervisor' ??
0xDFF00000 0x00300000 0x00100000 L R 1 0 0 0 2 IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00100000 L RW 0 1 0 0 - 1MB Invalid these two segments are the same! one maps to 0x00200000 and the other to 0 Switcing the valid entries is done in code.
0x00100000 0x00100000 0x00100000 L RW 0 1 0 0 - 1MB Invalid
0x00200000 0x00000000 0x00100000 L
0x00300000 0x00100000 0x00100000 L
0x00400000 0x00000000 0x00100000 L
0x00500000 0x00100000 0x00100000 L
0x00600000 0x00000000 0x00100000 L
0x00700000 0x00100000 0x00100000 L
0xDFE00000 0x00000000 0x00100000 L R 0 1 0 0 - 1MB Invalid
0xDFF00000 0x00100000 0x00100000 L R 0 1 0 0 - 1MB Invalid
0x00A00000 0x00A00000 0x00100000 B RWX 1 0 0 0 - 1MB DECKARD file RAM loading segment (code & data)
0x00BE0000 0x00B60000 0x00001000 B RW 0 0 0 0 - 4kB Some variables and flags...?
0x00BFF000 0x00B7F000 0x00001000 B RW 0 0 0 0 - 4kB PPC stack?
0x00BDF000 0x00B7F000 0x00001000 B R 0 0 0 0 - 4kB
0x00B40000 0x00B40000 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 0 - 1kB
0x00B40400 0x00B40400 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 0 - 1kB
0x00B40C00 0x00FFFC00 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 0 - 1kB The physical addr. of this is in the last 1kB of the 16MB of IOP RAM.
0x01000000 0x40000000 0x00000400 B RW 0 1 0 1 - 1kB PPC devices: PPC UART is here
0x40000000 0x00200000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 1MB IOP RAM low 1MB mirror
0x40100000 0x00300000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 1MB IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0x40200000 0x00200000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 1MB IOP RAM low 1MB mirror
0x40300000 0x00300000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 1MB IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0x40400000 0x00200000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 1MB IOP RAM low 1MB mirror
0x40500000 0x00300000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 1MB IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0x40600000 0x00200000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 1MB IOP RAM low 1MB mirror
0x40700000 0x00300000 0x00100000 L RW 1 0 0 0 2 1MB IOP RAM high 1MB mirror
0x12000000 0x10000000 0x01000000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 16MB IOP devices - Dev#10 Dev9_2, Dev#12 Dev9_3 ??
0x13000000 0x11000000 0x01000000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 16MB Dev9/SPEED - placed here sor some reason rather than at 0x10000000.
0x1D000000 0x1D000000 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1kB SIF SBUS BDn regs on EE, accessed through SBUS
0x1E000000 0x1E000000 0x01000000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 16MB Dev#1 ROM-DVD /CS1
0x1F402000 0x1F402000 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1kB Dev#5 CDVD /CS5
0x1F7FFC00 0x00B00400 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1kB Cache ?
0x00BDE800 0x00B00000 0x00000400 L R 0 0 0 0 - 1kB Cache. Status reg?
0x00BDEC00 0x00B00400 0x00000400 L R 0 0 0 0 - 1kB Cache. Status reg?
0x1F801000 0x1F801000 0x00001000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 4kB IOP devices (DMAC, SSBUSC,...) and Dev#4 SPU /CS4
0x1F802000 0x1F802000 0x00001000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 4kB Dev#8 Exp2 /EXTR (PIO)
0x1F803000 0x1F803000 0x00001000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 4kB Dev#8 Exp2 /EXTR (PIO)
0x1F808000 0x1F808000 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1kB SIO2, iLink
0x1F900000 0x1F900000 0x00001000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 4kB Dev#4 Hard-wired (not through SSBUSC address reg.) SPU2 regs.
0x1FC00000 0x1FC00000 0x00100000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1MB Dev#2 ROM-BOOT /CS2 0x1FC00000-0x1FFFFFFF 4MB
0x1FD00000 0x1FD00000 0x00100000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1MB Dev#2 ROM-BOOT /CS2
0x1FE00000 0x1FE00000 0x00100000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1MB Dev#2 ROM-BOOT /CS2
0x1FF00000 0x1FF00000 0x00100000 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1MB Dev#2 ROM-BOOT /CS2

TLB entries = 54 (55?) up to here, of 64 maximum. At this point the code gets the number of remaining TLB entries = 10 and disables them. Then it sets-up 4 more entries, starting from 60:

Virtual Physical Size Endian (Big/little) RWX Write-Through Cache Inhibit Memory Coherence Guarded User-defined storage attribute Un n=[0-3] Notes
0x5F800400 0x00B00400 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1kB IOP Cache / Scratchpad
0x5F800000 0x00B00000 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1kB
0x1F800400 0x00B00400 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1kB
0x1F800000 0x00B00000 0x00000400 L RW 0 1 0 1 2 1kB

Per game configuration[edit]

Deckard to keep better compatibility use some flags/settings selected per Title ID. List of configurations is stored in rom:XPARAM. Default values are listed in table below.

Command Value Name
0x00 0x1F4 PARAM_MDEC_DELAY_CYCLE
0x01 0x7D0 PARAM_SPU_INT_DELAY_LIMIT
0x02 0x23 PARAM_SPU_INT_DELAY_PPC_COEFF
0x03 0x7D0 PARAM_SPU2_INT_DELAY_LIMIT
0x04 0x14 PARAM_SPU2_INT_DELAY_PPC_COEFF
0x05 0 PARAM_DMAC_CH10_INT_DELAY
0x06 1 PARAM_CPU_DELAY
0x07 0x20 PARAM_SPU_DMA_WAIT_LIMIT
0x08 0 PARAM_GPU_DMA_WAIT_LIMIT
0x09 0 PARAM_DMAC_CH10_INT_DELAY_DPC
0x0A 0 PARAM_CPU_DELAY_DPC
0x0B 0 PARAM_USB_DELAYED_INT_ENABLE
0x0C 0 PARAM_TIMER_LOAD_DELAY
0x0D 0x229C PARAM_SIO0_DTR_SCK_DELAY
0x0E 0x6EC PARAM_SIO0_DSR_SCK_DELAY_C
0x0F 0x6EC PARAM_SIO0_DSR_SCK_DELAY_M
0x10 1 PARAM_MIPS_DCACHE_ON
0x11 0x90 PARAM_CACHE_FLASH_CHANNELS

Example settings from XPARAM file.

Name Command Value Title ID
PARAM_CPU_DELAY 6 0xB60 SLPS_250.72
PARAM_MIPS_DCACHE_ON 0x10 0 SLPS_250.72
PARAM_CACHE_FLASH_CHANNELS 0x11 0x10 SLPS_250.79
PARAM_CPU_DELAY 6 0xC80 SLPS_250.79
PARAM_DMAC_CH10_INT_DELAY 5 0x3E8 SLPS_250.79