Motherboards

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Description[edit]

All motherboards has an onboard flash chip that contains the PSP's NAND image. That NAND image contains flash0-5 and the IDStorage. Also, the motherboard contains Tachyon, Baryon, Pommel, Kirk, and Spock. Here is an explanation of each:

  • NAND - An image of flash0-3 and the IDStorage Keys of a PSP. It is stored on the onboard flash chip.
  • Flash0 - Contains the PSPs Primary Firmware.
  • Flash1 - Used to store the XMB settings, network configurations, the background image in 2.00 and above, and the Custom Theme in 3.70 and above.
  • Flash2 - In firmwares 3.00 and up, this contains the half of the DRM for Sony's official PS1 emulator (the other half being in the flash0)
  • Flash3 - Used on development kits in firmware 5.00 and later to store kbooti.bin, kbooti is copied from flash3 to 0xBFE00000 (tachsm) by bootdispi.bin, about 1 MiB in size, It is used on retail units to store vsh specific applications such as 1seg. In custom firmwares it can be used along with flash2 to redirect firmware elements such as fonts.
  • Flash4 - Cannot be mounted. It is suspected that it is unformatted and may be for future use hence why it cannot be read.
  • Flash5 - Cannot be mounted. It is suspected that it is unformatted and may be for future use hence why it cannot be read.
  • IDStorage - PSP-specific storage that store info such as MAC address, region, etc, and are used for operation of PSP.
  • Tachyon - Possibly the version of the chip which contains the CPU, ME and GPU.
  • Baryon - Version number of the PSP's System Control chip.
  • Pommel - The PSP's GPIO/watchdog which handles system events and shuts down in the event of a crash.
  • Kirk - The PSP's main decryption/verification chip.
  • Spock - The secondary decryption chip, only used to decrypt data from the UMD discs.

Revisions[edit]

TA-079 Series[edit]

The very first version of the Phat/Classic PSP were shipped out with the TA-079 motherboards. So far, there has been 2 revisions of this motherboard with v3 adding in a new WiFi card. It is not known whether the second or third versions of the TA-079 had security features implemented to prevent downgrades or homebrew to be ran.

Please note due to a smaller WiFi card in newer motherboards, some replacement housing (particularly the back plate) will not fit TA-079 boards, as most parts are designed for the newer models. Also a known issue with the WiFi cards for TA-079 is that they die faster than newer models. If this happens the user will be presented with error code 0x80410A0B when scanning or connecting to the internet.

TA-081 Series[edit]

Sometime in late 2005 production of PSPs was changed from Japan to China. This marked the change to TA-081 motherboards likely to reduce manufacturing costs and source enough parts for the European launch. These motherboards addressed a few customer complaints from the TA-079 models. These include screens shipping with dead pixels (bad QA), memory stick doors falling off, and difficult to use D-Pad. Additionally a new, smaller WiFi card replaced the older one which had problems with overheating and internal errors. Ironically the new improved WiFi card was made in Japan whilst the TA-079 one was made in China.

It is unlikely any new security measures were added in this motherboard, as it is fully compatible with 1.00/1.50 firmwares and downgraders weren't popular until later on in 2006.

TA-082 Series[edit]

Before Sony saw the 2.50/2.60 downgrader they made a new motherboard for the PSP called TA-082, with a different Manufacturers Clock Generator Vendor ID. When a TA-082 is downgraded below firmware 2.00, the older firmware IPL won't recognise the new Clock Generator ID, and the PSP will fail to boot, appearing bricked.

Beginning with the TA-082 the PSP's factory firmware is now stored in IdStorage. While it doesn't appear to be used for anything, it can be speculated this was a security measure to detect people downgrading. For example Sony could use this to detect a PSP running a lower firmware than it shipped, and it would void the warranty or prevent upgrading. This is implied as Sony added detection for IdStorage downgrader patch in 3.30+ and it will refuse to update if the keys are corrupted.

A method of checking whether or not a TA-082 motherboard is installed on a PSP without voiding the warranty is shown here.

On 27 December 2006, a TA-082 downgrader was released by Dark AleX, Mathieulh and harleyg allowing PSPs with 2.71 firmware and TA-082 or TA-086 motherboard to downgrade to 1.50. It appears that the downgraded units behave like any other non-TA-082s and after this process it is possible to upgrade to 2.71 SE, 3.XX OE or any other version of firmware, custom or official. However, problems do exist as a side effect of the downgrade. In order to allow the motherboard accept the 1.50 IPL some keys in the motherboards IDStorage are corrupted. This has led to many problems in downgraded PSPs.

These range from:

  • Connection errors in AD-HOC.
  • Brightness issues. (Upon the initial boot up of a downgraded TA-082 PSP, users may be greeted by a blank screen. Pressing the brightness button will resolve this issue)
  • Battery issues. (If a PSP is shut off under 12% battery the PSP will not restart until the AC adapter is plugged in.)

One of the problems faced was the USBHOSTFS function of the PSP was corrupted after a TA-082 downgrade. The USBHOSTFS function is used in some homebrew programs and communication with the PS3. This however has been fixed in a release from a homebrew developer here. Also Using the NOOBZ 2.80 and 3.03 downgraders does not create this problem since they do not change the IDStorage keys associated with the USBHOSTFS function. Only the 2.71 downgrader corrupts the USBHOSTFS IDStorage keys.

There is a reported fix for these problems found here. The latest version of this is idreset v7 (for people who downgraded using the Dark AleX 2.71 TA-082 downgrader) which is found here or idcopy v1 (for people who downgraded with NOOBZ 2.80 TA-082 downgrader) which is found here. This has been reported to fix most or all of the problems associated with these downgraders. These fixes are for TA-082 and TA-086 PSPs only. It is also possible to use a modified 1.50 IPL to boot the 1.50 on TA-082/TA-086 without modifying IdStorage.

The official Sony updates 3.30+ now check for these corrupted keys, and will refuse to install if it finds them. Users on homebrew enabled PSPs can restore the keys and then upgrade to 3.30+, but those who have corrupt keys and have upgraded to firmwares 3.10 or 3.11 are now stuck. They cannot upgrade to any newer firmware but also cannot use homebrew to change the keys or downgrade. Now that a user-mode exploit has been found on these firmwares (with the Illuminati exploit) it is hoped that this may pave the way towards a kernel mode exploit which would be able to reset the IDStorage keys to allow upgrading. If a kernel mode exploit can not be found the only solutions would be to purchase and install a mod-chip or use the Pandora's Battery as a downgrader.

3.71 M33 Custom Firmware fixes the IDStorage before upgrading. It automatically checks if it is a TA-082/TA-086 before fixing it.

Newer downgraders have been built with these issues in mind. The only problem that remains with the latest downgrader (3.50 "Illuminati" exploit) is the brightness issue. However, a fix (which makes the PSP read from firmware 2.71 files when controlling brightness) can be applied to downgraded PSPs, thereby eliminating this problem as well (However, one must remove these added files prior to using the recovery downgrade / official update otherwise it can results in a brick). Alternatively, some have suggested this could be fixed with keycleaner, it has been reported not resolving the brightness issue. TA-079 up to TA-081 motherboards are not affected by these problems.

  • comes shipped with 78K0/KE2, 64 pin Syscon

TA-086 Series[edit]

Please refer to the TA-082 series section. Everything in it pertains to this as well. This is the last motherboard revision for the PSP Fat series. It comes after the TA-085 likely because the Slim was in development long beforehand.

The only known change is to the LCD to make it more similar to the upcoming Slim. When downgraded to 1.50, the screen will appear black. Pressing the brightness button fixes it. Additionally the brightness settings will be wrong (reversed order) without an additional patch. The 1.50 Time Machine corrects this.

  • comes shipped with 78K0/KE2, 64 pin Syscon

TA-085 Series[edit]

The currently released PSP Slim series are known to use a TA-085 motherboard, with the recent release of the TA-085 v2, and later on the TA-088 series. The only extra security in the TA-085v2 motherboard revision is the inability to write to the PSP battery's EEPROM, so a Pandora battery cannot be created on a TA-085 v2. However, a battery already with the Pandora EEPROM code can still be used, allowing regular custom firmware installation. No other abilities have been discovered yet. TA-085v1 Slims function normally and are still able to write to the battery's EEPROM.

TA-088 Series[edit]

Recently, TA-088 has been found in the newer Slims in Asia. (Particularly the Mint Green one) The TA-088 functions similar to the TA-085v2, and blocks the ability to write the battery's EEPROM while the PSP can still read it. The TA-088 has been incorrectly referred to as the TA-085v3 as motherboard identification tools referred to it as the TA-085, and it has been renamed to the TA-088. As time went on, Slims with different revisions to the TA-088 motherboard has been released, and are confirmed to be Pandora-proof. The TA-088v2 first reported being shipped with Slims in the Asia continent, has a patched tachyon that disabled the loading of all current Pandora Initial Program Loaders (ipl), but however did not defeat the loading of custom firmware ipls. The ability to flash custom firmware via Despertar Cementerio will be fixed with the newest release (version 6) which uses a new kernel, therefore allowing Pandora to work again. A third revision to the TA-088 came weeks later. Dubbed the TA-088v3, this motherboard is completely Pandora-proof as discovered by Silverspring of the M33 Team. According to Silverspring, a new Tachyon has been inserted into these motherboards, and patched the loading of any IPL's before the PSP booted up. If this patch is correctly applied, Pandora is defeated on all TA-088v3's until a new development comes through.

TA-090 Series[edit]

There has been reports that the TA-090 has shown up in a PSP-2000. There has been confirmed reports by Alek that it is also in the PSP-3000. This is the reason for the v1/2 listed below. The PSP-2000 version of the TA-090 is hackable with pandora. However, The PSP-3000 version of TA-090 Pandora's battery does not even turn on the PSP.

Datecodes/Shipped Firmwares[edit]

Information about motherboard Datecodes/Shipped firmwares can be found here.

Comparison Table[edit]

Notes: common knowledge is that three versions of TA-079 exist but there are actually five. These other two are only found on Japanese launch units from 2004 whereas the rest are found worldwide. Previous known v1-v2-v3 are now v3-v4-v5 respectively.

Motherboard Model PSP Model Generation Tachyon Baryon Pommel Baryon Timestamp Lepton (UMD firmware) CodeName Notes
 ?TMU-001? DEM-1000 01g 0x00140000 0x00010601 0x00000103 200409230625 First Guessed, final DEM version
TMU-001 DTP-T1000 01g 0x00140000 0x00020601 0x00000103 200410071128 First
TMU-002 DTP-H1500 01g 0x00140000 0x00030601 0x00000104 200411290757 First
TA-079v1 Fat 1000 01g 0x00140000 0x00010600 0x00000103 200409230625 1.020
Sep 24, 2004
First Japanese launch (less common)
TA-079v2 Fat 1000 01g 0x00140000 0x00020600 0x00000103 200410071128 1.090
Oct 18, 2004
First Japanese launch
TA-079v3 Fat 1000 01g 0x00140000 0x00030600 0x00000103 200411290757 1.090
Oct 18, 2004
First Initial Worldwide release
TA-079v4 Fat 1000 01g 0x00200000 0x00030600 0x00000103 200411290757 1.090
Oct 18, 2004
First
TA-079v5 Fat 1000 01g 0x00200000 0x00040600 0x00000103 200504040852 1.090
Oct 18, 2004
First
TA-081v1 Fat 1000 01g 0x00300000 0x00040600 0x00000103 200504040852 1.090
Oct 18, 2004
First
TA-081v2 Fat 1000 01g 0x00300000 0x00040600 0x00000104 200504040852 1.090
Oct 18, 2004
First
TA-082 Fat 1000 01g 0x00400000 0x00114000 0x00000112 200509260441 1.150A
Aug 30, 2005
Legolas1
TA-086 Fat 1000 01g 0x00400000 0x00121000 0x00000112 200512200558 1.150A
Aug 30, 2005
Legolas2
TA-085v1 Slim 2000 02g 0x00500000 0x0022B200 0x00000123 200704161420 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Frodo
TA-085v2 Slim 2000 02g 0x00500000 0x00234000 0x00000123 200710022249 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Frodo
TA-088v1 Slim 2000 02g 0x00500000 0x00243000 0x00000123 200711022212 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Frodo
TA-088v2 Slim 2000 02g 0x00500000 0x00243000 0x00000123 200711022212 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Frodo Unstable with DCv5 and lower
TA-088v3 Slim 2000 02g 0x00600000 0x00243000 0x00000123 200711022212 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Frodo
TA-090v1 Slim 2000 02g 0x00500000 0x00243000 0x00000132 200711022212 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Frodo
TA-090v2 Brite 3000 03g 0x00600000 0x00263100 0x00000132 200803241434 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Samwise
TA-090v3 Brite 3000 03g 0x00600000 0x00263100 0x00000133 200803241434 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Samwise
TA-092 Brite 3000 03g 0x00600000 0x00285000 0x00000133 200902091613 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Samwise
TA-093v1 Brite 3000 04g 0x00810000 0x002C4000 0x00000141 200904011911 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Samwise VA2
TA-093v2 Brite 3000 04g 0x00810000 0x002C4000 0x00000143 200904011911 1.240A
Nov 10, 2006
Samwise VA2
TA-095v1 Brite 3000 07g/09g 0x00810000 0x002E4000 unknown 201006081334 1.300 Samwise VA2
TA-095v2 Brite 3000 07g/09g 0x00820000 0x002E4000 0x00000154 201006081334 1.300 Samwise VA2
TA-091 Go N1000 05g 0x00720000 0x00304000 0x00000133 200904092125 N/A Strider
TA-094 Go N1000 05g 0x00800000 0x0030XXXX? unknown N/A Strider
TA-096 Street E1000 11g 0x00900000 0x00403000 0x00000154 201105092045 1.300 Gimli? Unsure if correct CodeName
TA-097 Street E1000  ?11g? 0x00900000 0x00403000 0x00000154 201105092045 1.300 Gimli? Unsure if correct CodeName

Other boards[edit]

Along with TA-85 1-871-259-11:

  • HP-142 1-871-260-11
  • SW-510 1-873-421-11

Hackability[edit]

Motherboard PSP Model Generation cIPL Perma Patch Temporary CFW (LCFW) Create Pandora Pandora Unbrick Lowest Possible OFW
TMU-001 DTP-T1000 and DEM-1000 01g N/A (depends on kbooti.bin, cannot use Pandora cIPL) (Use kbooti) (Use kbooti) N/A (battery is emulated) N/A (use kbooti) 0.40
TMU-002 DTP-H1500 and DTP-L1500 01g YES (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) N/A (battery is emulated) YES (set P24 on the S3503 DIPSW to 1) 1.50
TA-079v1 Fat 1000 01g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) YES YES 1.00
TA-079v2 Fat 1000 01g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) YES YES 1.00
TA-079v3 Fat 1000 01g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) YES YES 1.00
TA-081 Fat 1000 01g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) YES YES 1.00
TA-082 Fat 1000 01g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) YES YES 2.00
TA-086 Fat 1000 01g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) YES YES 2.00
TA-085v1 Slim 2000 02g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) YES YES 3.60
TA-085v2 Slim 2000 02g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) NO YES 3.60
TA-088v1 Slim 2000 02g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) NO YES 3.60
TA-088v2 Slim 2000 02g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) NO YES 3.60
TA-088v3 Slim 2000 02g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 NO YES (only with official Jigkick) 3.9x/4.0x
TA-090v1 Slim 2000 02g 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 (Use cIPL Instead) (Use cIPL Instead) NO YES 3.60
TA-090v2 Brite 3000 03g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 ME-2.3 NO NO 4.20
TA-090v3 Brite 3000 03g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 4.20
TA-091 Go N1000 05g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 5.70 (05g)
TA-092 Brite 3000 03g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 4.20
TA-093 Brite 3000 04g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 5.70 (04g)
TA-094 Go N1000 05g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 5.70 (05g)
TA-095v1 (07g) Brite 3000 07g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 6.30
TA-095v2 (07g) Brite 3000 07g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 6.30
TA-095v1 (09g) Brite 3000 09g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 5.70 (04g)
TA-095v2 (09g) Brite 3000 09g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 5.70 (04g)
TA-096 Street E1000 11g NO 6.61 Infinity2 6.61 PRO-C or 6.61 LME-2.3 NO NO 6.50